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Courses after 12th Science

Aren’t you interested in choosing the best courses after 12th science? Or you might not be aware of the various careers options after passing 12th science. Whatever the reason, we have curated this blog post to give you all the information related to science courses after 12th. 

After the 12th the course you choose will be the stepping stone to a successful career.

Let’s begin

While pursuing 11th and 12th either you will study Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics (PCM) or biology (PCB) or PCMB which includes Mathematics and biology both. Therefore we have divided the article into three categories

  • Courses after 12th Science (PCM)
  • Courses after 12th Science  (PCB)
  • Courses after 12th Science (PCMB)

Courses after 12th Science (PCM)

Aviation industry seeks students from the science stream. The aviation industry has different job prospects such as pilot, aircraft maintenance engineer and air traffic controller.

Commercial Pilot Commercial Pilot requires the skill to operate various aircraft. It is one of the most prestigious jobs with great responsibility. The greater the responsibility the more significant the remuneration.

There are various institutes approved by DGCA to get CPL and type ratings. It will cost around 50-70 lakhs approx. With some good airlines, you can start your career with an average 1.5 lakh per month salary

Aircraft maintenance Engineer – It’s a license course, where you can opt for A, B1 or B2. AME is responsible for the maintenance and quality of aircraft at ground level. The duration of the course varies from 2-3 years. There are opportunities in India and overseas as per your license. PCM students can only apply for the certification.

Air Traffic Controller – This profession requires a BSc in graduation or BTech. ATC’s job profile is to coordinate with pilots for safer movement of aircraft and maintain air traffic on the ground and air. You can apply as a Junior executive ATC and get a good salary of 80 thousand to 1 lakh salary. The Airport Authority of India issues the vacancy for the positions of ATC.

Maritime Industry– This industry is very vast and seeks science students for different courses. In Maritime Industry we see the merchant navy which revolves around the commercial shipping of cargo or passengers. To join a merchant Navy you can pursue BSc. Nautical Science and marine engineering.
There are other courses in Maritime Industry such as Naval Architect, Logistics and transport management.

B.Sc Nautical Science– It’s a 3 Year Undergraduate degree that develops your skill in navigation and operations of ships. After completing you can join the merchant navy as a deck officer.

You need to qualify for the IMUCET exam conducted by Indian Maritime University to enter various colleges offering a B.Sc in Nautical Science.

Marine Engineering– BTech Marine Engineering is a 4 Year undergraduate course. This course is designed to impart knowledge of marine and mechanical engineering and develop skills to operate, manage and maintain the machinery of ships.

After completing the degree you can join as a Junior engineer in the merchant navy. IMU-CET is the entrance exam you need to qualify to join the course at different institutes.

Naval Architect– BTech in Naval Architect is a 4-year undergraduate degree that develops your skill in the design and development of ships, submarines, and naval vessels.

There are courses in IIT Kharagpur and Madras for which you need to qualify JEE. IMUCET is the exams conducted for getting admission in maritime colleges.

BBA in Logistics and Shipping– It’s a 3-year undergraduate course that develops your skill in managing shipping operations and business. The eligibility is 12th passed in any stream and you can apply directly on institute websites.

Captain after BSc Nautical Science

Engineering– One of the most demanded courses at present. You can opt for Bachelor of Engineering (BE) or Bachelor of Technology(Btech) courses provided by the institute.

There are various different engineering branches which you can opt as per your interest such as Computer science, mechanical, electrical, civil, electronics and communication etc. All streams are good and have different job prospects, it depends on your interest to learn and explore specific branches.

Architecture– Bachelor or architecture is a 5-year undergraduate degree course. The degree helps you develop skills in designing, and planning large structures such as buildings and monuments.

There are courses at top premier colleges like IIT, NIT and SPA’s where you can get admission after clearing JEE. NATA is another exam conducted for getting admission to private institutes.

Planner– A professional planner whether urban or regional planner or transportation planner works in the planning, designing and developing human settlements. Bachelor of Planning is a 4-year undergraduate degree course.

Similar to a bachelor in architecture there are SPA’s where you can get admission after clearing JEE mains. For private institutes, NATA is conducted and state-level entrance exams are available to get admission to state government institutes.

Bsc honours – It’s a three-year undergraduate degree course specialising in a specific discipline. There are various specific disciplines that you can opt for as per your interest. You can get admission to top universities through CUET.

Below are some of the specialization

  • BSc. Chemistry
  • BSc. Physics
  • BSc. Mathematics
  • BSc. Computer Science
  • BSc. Statistics
  • BSc. Electronics
  • BSc. Instrumentation
  • BSc. Geology

Data Science or Data Analyst – This career has excellent demand at present. Basically, Data Science is more about extracting data and analyzing, helping business strategies whereas data analysts are more about analyzing data using statistics, and mathematics.

The minimum eligibility is an undergraduate degree, but there is an added advantage if you pursue a bachelor’s in statistics, mathematics, or computer science engineering.

Courses after 12th Science (PCB)

MBBS- MBBS (Bachelor of Medicine and a Bachelor of Surgery) is the most demanded course among students. MBBS is a 5 Year and 6 months undergraduate course for aspirants who want to become a doctor.

This course helps you gain knowledge on human anatomy, biochemistry, pharmaceuticals, medicine and surgeries. Aspirants need to clear NEET UG to secure seats in government colleges or private colleges.

After the completion of the course, students can pursue their master’s degree according to their interested specializations such as cardiologist, paediatrician, ophthalmologist etc.

BDS- BDS( Bachelor of Dental Surgery) is a 5-year undergraduate course where in the final year students will have paid internships. It’s another most pursued course after MBBS.

To get admission at top universities, aspirants have to clear NEET UG. After completing BDS you can opt for specific specialisation in MDS, MPH or could open your clinic.

BAMS- Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medicine and Surgery (BAMS) is a 5.5-year course. Aspirants must clear NEET UG to get admission to top colleges and universities.

In this course, you will learn about Ayurveda and its modern use. After completing UG you can pursue MD and MS in Ayurveda, MPH, and MBA in hospital management.

BHMS- Bachelor of Homeopathic Medicine and Surgery (BHMS) is a 5.5 years course. Aspirants must clear NEET UG to get admission to top colleges and universities.

Homeopathy education teaches to enhance the body’s natural healing process by using some natural substances. After completing UG you can pursue an MD in homoeopathy, MPH, or MBA in hospital management.

Veterinary Science and animal husbandry– B.Sc in Veterinary science and animal husbandry is a 5.6 years undergraduate degree. This course will train you in diagnosing and treating domestic and wild animals.

Students need to qualify for NEET UG, AICEE and different state-level entrance exams to get admission to reputed colleges.

BPT- Bachelor of Physiotherapy is 4.6 years of course in which 6 months of internship is included. BPT teaches you to cure patient injuries, improving mobility through various techniques such as exercise therapy or body movement.

After BPT you can opt for MPT in different specialisations such as Musculoskeletal & Sports, Neurological & Psychosomatic Disorders, Cardiorespiratory & Intensive Care, orthopedics, neuroscience and paediatrics.

Top private and government institutes provide admission on a merit basis or common entrance exams such as NEET.

BOT-  Bachelor of Occupational Therapy is 4.6 years of course with 6 months of internship is included. BOT teaches you how to treat a patient with functional disabilities to navigate their daily lives healthily and happily.

You can opt for MOT in different specializations such as Musculoskeletal, Paediatrics, Neuroscience, Mental Health and Psychosocial Rehabilitation. Admission at top and private colleges is done on a merit basis or by qualifying NEET.

BPO – Bachelor in Prosthetic and Orthotics is a 4-year undergraduate degree course with 6 months of compulsory internship. The course mainly deals with the rehabilitation of locomotor disability, by the making of Prostheses and Orthoses for persons with disability.

You can opt for 2 years of MPO after completing your BPO. Getting admission to Top private and government institutes depends on a merit basis or common entrance exams such as NEET.

Bachelor of Optometry– Bachelor of Optometry is a total 4 year undergraduate degree with 1-year internship included. The degree is designed to teach you how to examine eyes and the visual system, diagnose, treat and suggest glasses or contact lenses.

There are a lot of scopes after a Bachelor of Optometry you can work in an eye hospital can get a job in corporates, and opt for higher studies such as a Master of Optometry, PhD.

Similar to other courses you need to qualify NEET for admission or sometimes institutes fill the seats on a merit basis, which we can check on a particular institute’s website.

Home Science – B.Sc Home Science is a 3-year course that focuses on food and nutrition, human development, health, environment and other areas of science. Home science courses can be pursued at undergraduate, postgraduate, diploma and certification levels.

The course offers versatile subjects such as Physics, Chemistry, Biology, Sociology, Physiology, Child development, food, nutrition, family relations, hygiene, Rural Development, Community living, economics, textiles, clothing and Arts.

BSc in Agriculture– Bachelor of Science in Agriculture is a 4-year undergraduate course that  focuses on research and practices in agricultural science. The course is designed to prepare the candidates to implement new techniques and technologies in the agricultural world.

BSc. offers various subjects such as Agricultural Microbiology, Genetics and Plant Breeding, Plant Pathology and Soil science. Interested candidates can apply for AIEEA, CUET, CG PAT and ICAR exams to secure their seats in the agricultural field.

Nurse- It’s one of the noble professions which has a huge demand in India and overseas as well. A nurse’s job is to take care of patients, help, and assist doctors at operation theatres and labs. There are 3 different courses that one can pursue to become a nurse.

ANM – Auxiliary Nurse Midwife is a two-year diploma program with a minimum eligibility of 10+2. The job prospects are at the maternal and child health departments at rural area government hospitals. 

GNM- General Nursing & Midwifery is 3 3-year and 6-month diploma program with a minimum eligibility of 10+2. You get a wide variety of job opportunities in the health sector by joining as a nurse in hospitals, and clinics can become primary health workers or rural health worker.

There is an option of post-basic Bsc Nursing of 2 years which you can pursue after completing GNM.

BSc. Nursing– It’s a 4 years undergraduate degree with a minimum eligibility of 10+2 passed and PCB as the main subject.

You get the job opportunity the same as GNM, since it’s a degree course there is an added advantage you can pursue a Master become a specialized nurse or join teaching to become an instructor.

BSc. in Allied Health Science– It’s a 4-year undergraduate degree course with 1-year internship included. Allied health science focuses on training for the diagnosis and evaluation of diseases.

They play an impactful role in health care by facilitating doctors with technical skills.

It’s job-oriented degree where you can start working or you can pursue MSc. Top colleges conduct entrance exams to get admission which you can check on individual college websites. There are multiple disciplines that you can opt for as per your interest.

  • BSc Anaesthesia Technology
  • BSc in Respiratory Therapy
  • BSc in Accident and Emergency Care Technology
  • BSc Cardiac Laboratory Technology
  • BSc Dialysis Therapy Technology 
  • BSc Medical Laboratory Technology in Blood Banking 
  • BSc Medical Radiology and Imaging Technology 
  • BSc Neuro-technology 
  • BSc Nuclear Medicine Technology 
  • BSc Perfusion Technology
  • BSc Radiotherapy Technology

BSc honours– It’s a 3-year undergraduate degree in various disciplines which you can opt for as per your interest.

After completing the undergraduate course you can pursue a master’s degree or look for jobs. Admission to top colleges depends, as few colleges prefer entrance exams such as CUET and few prefer merit. Various disciplines.

Below is the list of various BSc honours courses available for PCB students.

  • BSc Anthropology
  • BSc Botany
  • BSc Zoology
  • BSc Biomedical Science 
  • BSc Biochemistry
  • BSc Microbiology

Courses after 12th Science (PCMB)

PCMB students have an added advantage as they can pursue any courses mentioned above for PCM and PCB. We have listed a few courses below that any of the PCM, PCB or PCMB can pursue.

Well, we created the PCMB section here so the courses listed below will not be repeated in the above PCM and PCB sections.

Pharmacy- Bachelor of Pharmacy is a 4-year undergraduate course that focuses on the complete study of drugs and aids, the chemistry of medicinal compounds, production and action of drugs on the body. PCB, PCM and PCMB all are eligible to pursue the degree.

There is a lot of scope after Bpharma, you can opt for higher study Mpharma(we always recommend), work as a drug inspector, clinical research associate, medical repsresentative, work in MNC or work in the government sector.

Getting admission in top private and government colleges varies as few colleges consider entrance exams such as CUET, state level entrance exams and few on a merit basis


BSc Honours- There are few BSc courses where students from PCB or PCM or PCMB can apply easily.

  • BSc Home Science
  • BSc Environmental Science 
  • BSc Biotechnology
  • BSc Physical Education

Diploma courses after 12th science

There are para medical courses that you can opt for only after passing 12th science. 

Course NameDuration
Diploma in Anaesthesia Technology2 years
Diploma in Physiotherapy Technology2 years
Diploma in Medical Radiation Technology (Radiodiagnosis)2 years
Diploma in Urology Technology2 years
Diploma in Hospital Sterilisation Technology2 years
Diploma in Medical Laboratory Technology2 years
Diploma in Optometry2 Years
Diploma in Dialysis2 Years
Diploma in Cardiology2 Years
Diploma in Pharmacy2 Years

There are other diploma courses that varies from 1 – 2 years and can be opted after 10th such as 

  • Diplom in Animation
  • Diploma in Fashion Design
  • Diploma in Visual Communications
  • Diploma in Mass Communication and Journalism
  • Diploma in Interior Design

Courses in the commerce stream

Science students with Mathematics (PCM and PCMB) had an added advantage here, they can pursue almost all the available courses for 12th-passed commerce students. Commerce courses have equal opportunities compared to the courses of science.

Courses in the art stream

Undergraduate courses available for art students will have the minimum eligibility criteria of a 12th pass. Therefore PCM, PCB and PCMB students can pursue all the available courses for 12th-passed arts students.

Jobs and Pay

We will look at some of the profession that pays high salaries in the science stream. But again we advise you don’t choose courses after 12th science by looking high salary. 

Degree/CertificationAverage SalaryRemarks
Data Scientist/ Data Analyst7-10 LPA
Software Developer/engineer5-15 LPATop companies can pay 20-25 LPA
Mechanical Engineer4-8 LPAGovernment job opportunities are available
Civil Engineer2-4 LPAGovernment job opportunities are available
Commercial Pilot30 LPAFirst Officer salary
Architecture3-5 LPAGovernment job opportunities are available
Marine Engineer/Nautical Science8-12 LPA
Doctor10 LPAAfter MBBS as a Medical officer
Veterinary Doctor6 -10 LPAGovernment jobs pay a higher salary
Physiotherapist3-8 LPAGovernment jobs pay a higher salary
Agriculture8 LPAGovernment jobs pay a higher salary
Pharmacy3-6 LPAGovernment jobs pay a higher salary
Nurse2-10 LPAA government staff nurse has grade 7 pay

The best course will be your passion or your interest, you have to be aware of the technology and show interest and dedication. Each course has the scope of endless possibilities, for eg, working overseas or starting an entrepreneurship journey.

Kiran Mazumdar Shaw founder of Biocon is an example of endless possibilities. We recommend finding and defining your own path is the key to success.


The course list is big and we tried to create awareness about all career options after passing 12th science. We always recommend pursuing the degree course rather than a diploma unless and until you have specific reasons such as financial restrictions, dependents and timelines.

Each career has its own pace of growth and perks so please consider your interest, scope and goal for yourself then choose a career that will define you. 

Reach us for any questions or feedback and we encourage you to share the article if you think it helped you.

Liked the post, then do share.

Satish Kachhap

Satish Kachhap

I am motivated to help and guide individuals in their career, education and jobs. I created thecareerism as a platform wherein I can express my thought, ideas, experience that can assist an individual in future career planning.
Satish Kachhap

Satish Kachhap

I am motivated to help and guide individuals in their career, education and jobs. I created thecareerism as a platform wherein I can express my thought, ideas, experience that can assist an individual in future career planning.

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